Often overlooked by the larger Azorean islands, Graciosa is well worth a visit. This central island hides many fascinating attractions, from dramatic volcanic caves to calming natural pools and a vast countryside dotted with whitewashed houses and bright red windmills.
Its small size means that everything is within easy reach. There’s even a 7km-trail that crosses the island from west to east. Along the way, you may spot the Azorean dwarf donkeys roaming down the road.
If you’re wondering what to do on the island, our three-day itinerary will help you plan your trip. It includes the best things to do in Graciosa, plus tips on where to eat and stay during your holiday.
Our first port of call is Santa Cruz, the capital of Graciosa. It’s the perfect base to explore the rest of the island. On the outskirts of the town, you can visit the Ermida da Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, a fortress-like chapel erected in the 15th century. It’s worth coming here for the fantastic views of the coast and Santa Cruz.
Closer to the city centre, you can walk along the sea and explore some of the town’s main attractions. Stop by the Museu da Graciosa to learn more about the island's history. Then head down for a swim at the Piscina Natural do Boqueirão, a natural pool created by the black lava that solidified here ages ago.
Follow the coastal road about 1.5 miles west of town, and you’ll come across the Praia do Barro Vermelho, a great place to relax in the afternoon. The beach, which gets its name from the red sand that surrounds the rocky bathing area, includes a picnic zone, so make sure to pack some snacks or a lunch to enjoy here.
Continue along the waterfront until you reach a black and white striped lighthouse. At 71m above sea level, this cliffside lighthouse is the highest in the Azores. Whether you stay on the ground or head up to the tower, you will have magnificent views of the ocean and the nearby Ilhéu da Baleia (Islet of the Whale), so-called because it’s shaped like a whale.
A few miles south of the lighthouse, you will find the old fishing port of Baía do Porto Afonso. This unique port is no longer in use, but you can still spot the caves where fishermen kept their boats. These days the area is mostly used for swimming and deep-sea fishing. Stay here to end your day with a beautiful sunset.
We begin the day in São Mateus, a well-preserved traditional village. Taking a walk through its historic centre, you will find several churches and chapels. You can visit the Igreja de São Mateus, a 16th-century church that houses Flemish and Baroque carvings and artwork. Just five minutes away from the church is the Fábrica das Queijadas da Graciosa. This local bakery makes the famous queijada, a star-shaped pastry filled with milk and eggs.
Before you leave São Mateus, make sure to stop by the Praia de São Mateus. It's the only sandy beach on the island, and rather unusually for the Azores, it has light coloured sand. From here, you can catch a boat to explore other nearby Azores islands. Finally, around the outskirts of town, you can spot many restored red windmills.
We now head south to the village of Luz. Here, you can take a look at the Church of Nossa Senhora da Luz. Then, walk down a short path toward the coast, stopping at the Baía da Folga. Once you get to the bay, you can relax and have a swim. On clear days, you can also enjoy the view of three other Azorean islands: São Jorge, Pico and Faial.
For amazing views of the island and the surrounding ocean, go up to Serra Branca. This series of volcanic structures is 375m high, allowing you to see much of the island and the sea on a clear day. This is also the beginning of the trail that crosses the island west to east and ends in São Mateus, where we started this morning.
Close to Serra Branca is the Pico da Caldeirinha, also known as Caldeirinha. Above this peak, you will see what remains of a volcanic crater. Take a walk around it and then enjoy the ocean views. Sometimes it’s also possible to spot the islands of Terceira, São Jorge, Pico and Faial from this viewpoint.
One last stop to end the day. From this viewpoint, you can watch the sunset and capture the lush green fields framed by the sea in the background.
Our first stop of the day will rejuvenate and prepare you for further exploration. Located right by the sea, this hot spring spa is known for the water’s healing properties. The temperature can range from 35º to 45º and is said to heal rheumatoid and dermatological ailments. Take a dip and feel calmed and relaxed before continuing your day.
A few minutes up the hill from the spa, you can admire the view from the Miradouro do Carapacho. Take a seat here and look out at Ponta do Carapacho and Ilhéu de Baixo.
Now it’s time to see the geological and volcanic wonders of Graciosa. Surrounded by luscious green grasses and plants, Furna do Abel is a lava tunnel that you can walk into. Also known as Furna de Laval or Furna do Roque, this stunning volcanic structure is 93 metres long. If you venture to the very end you will find an altar and cross. These are said to have been placed in the cave in the 1970s, but the origins are unclear.
Just down the road from Furna do Abel, you'll spot the Furna da Maria Encantada. Though not as long as the previous one, this is also a lava tube, and once you emerge on the other side, you can see the striking interior of the Caldeira. If you want, you can continue along the path signposted with “Torre” until you reach a tower. Standing at the top, you can take in the view of the island.
Our last stop on Graciosa is a lava cave named after its smell of sulphur. Begin at the visitor’s centre, where you can learn more about the cave and the island's geology. From here, you’ll need to descend a spiral staircase to reach the depths of the cave. The Furna do Enxofre is visually stunning, with a perfectly dome shaped roof and a cold water lake inside. This cave is an important geological feature of the Azores, and you will be stunned by the luscious vegetation surrounding it.
Travelling with kids to the Azores often means spending a lot of time in nature, and Graciosa is no exception. The island is full of geological attractions worth exploring, like the Caldeira da Graciosa or the Furna de Enxofre. You can also spend time by the beach or enjoy a warm bath at the Termas do Carapacho.
Additionally, kids will love visiting the Farol da Ponta da Barca or spotting the red windmills dotted across the island. You can even book a night in one of these if you want.
If you’re looking for something slightly more active, you can follow some of the island’s hiking trails, like the one starting at Baía da Folga.
Graciosa is renowned for its fresh fish, usually served roasted or in caldeiradas (stews). Other regional products include melon and wine. You can also taste a range of traditional sweets, including pastéis de arroz (pastry with almond filling) and the queijada (egg and milk tart). Below are some of the best places to eat in Graciosa:
Because of its relatively flat terrain, Graciosa has a milder climate than other Azorean islands. Although the island doesn’t get as much rain as the rest, the best time to visit remains June to September. During the summer, the likelihood of rain is lower, and the temperature is quite pleasant. Alternatively, you can also plan to visit during a local festival, many of which are held in the summer.
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